Project #34: Writing Process

Project:#34 Writing Process

Resources on CyberEnglish site

As writers progress through the four global stages of the writing process - prewriting, in which ideas are formulated; drafting, in which ideas are put on paper and structured; revising, in which idea structures are clarified and improved; and editing, in which expression is fine-tuned - they will inevitably find that their thinking is sharpened as well. At its best, this process is a recursive one because writers move back and forth among the stages, considering, reconsidering, and revising their work until they are satisfied.
"Why School Administrators Should Be Model Writers," Arthur E. Lehr: Phi Delta Kappan June 2001 pp. 762-64.

Adler on Marking a book

Perhaps the foundation of the writing process is the essay. You have already written many essays in your life and you will be writing many essays in your life. The essay is made of paragraphs, so let's start there. You will need to take a look at chapter 21 in the white grammar book sitting next to your computer called Warriner's English Grammar and Composition Takes notes on what a paragraph is. Then take a look at Writer's Inc and take notes. Your first assignment will be to write a paragraph on how to write a paragraph.

Now the essay is said to be a product of Michel de Montaigne. You are going to read about the essay and read one of Montaigne's essays, "On Liars." You will then write an essay on the purpose of an essay and how you plan to use the essay in your life. Follow up with The Writer's Craft.

Newmannís Principles Reconceptualized for Writing*
NEWMANN'S PRINCIPLES Criteria for Assignments in Writing Criteria for Student Work in Writing
Construction of Knowledge: Adult problems cannot be solved by routine, rote application of information, or skills. Construction of Knowledge: The assignment asks students to interpret, analyze, synthesize, or evaluate information in writing about a topic, rather than merely to reproduce information. Construction of Knowledge: Student performance demonstrates interpretation, analysis, or evaluation in order to construct knowledge, rather than merely to reproduce information.
Disciplined Inquiry: Adults use an a priori knowledge base, strive for in-depth understanding rather than superficial awareness, and express their ideas and findings through elaborated communication. Elaborated Written Communication: The assignment asks students to draw conclusions or make generalizations or arguments and support them through extended writing. Elaborated Written Communication: Student performance demonstrates an elaborated, coherent account that draws conclusions or makes generalizations or arguments and supports them with examples, details, illustrations, facts, or reasons.
Value Beyond School: Adults communicate ideas that have an impact on others beyond the simple demonstration that they are competent. Connection to Studentsí Lives: The assignment asks students to connect the topic to experiences, observations, feelings, or situations significant to their lives. Form and Conventions: Student performance demonstrates proficiency in grammar, usage, mechanics, and vocabulary appropriate to grade level.
*Based on ideas first published in Newmann, Lopez, and Bryk.
from EJvol91, number 6, July 2002

Here are more links to useful sites about the essay and its myriad uses.

A booklist from NCTE-Talk, April 2004, started by Fran.

  1. 6 Traits Defined
  2. 6 Traits Rubric
  3. The Six-Trait Analytical Model....
  4. Mrs Lewis's 6 trait page
  5. Six Traits of Writing
  6. Six-Trait Writing Assessment
  7. InterActive Six-Trait Writing Process
  8. Burke's Pentad
  9. Classroom Tools & Tips EduHound's Ed Tech Resource Newsletter
  10. College Writing from UNC
  11. Comic maker from Make Beliefs Comix Ideas
  12. Compare & Contrast essay
  13. Creative Writing 20 A Curriculum Guide for the Secondary Level from Saskatchewan Education gratefully acknowledges the professional contributions and advice given by the Secondary Level English Language Arts Curriculum Reference Committee.
    Creative Writing
    lesson from Pat Schulze
    Prompts from Ink Provoking.
  14. How to Cite Online Sources
  15. The Essay
  16. Fan Fiction Lesson plan from Sarah Bristow.
  17. Fan
  18. Fiction Writing from
  19. How to Write an Essay: 10 Easy Steps from Tom Johnson
  20. Inspired by Letters
  21. Late Night Writing Help 24/7 in your writing.
  22. List of tens for inspiration. From Traci Gardner, of NCTE.
  23. Literary Terms
  24. Medieval Writing [Macromedia Flash Reader] Developed and maintained by Dr. Dianne Tillotson, this site is a good location to begin learning about handwriting and manuscript production in the Middle Ages.
  25. Mahfood's Resources
  26. Narrative Prompts
    * Using Picture Books to Teach Characterization in Writing Workshop Need a great picture book to stimulate better narrative writing among your students? Learn some different ways to develop story characters with this lesson and bibliography.
    *Tracy's Ten Prewriting Exercises for Personal Narratives Use these exercises with the traditional journalist's questions before beginning writing.
    *Composition Patterns: Narrative and Descriptive Study descriptive elements in narrative writing and then read examples by well-known authors.
    * Standards for Evaluating Composing, Skills for Narrative Writing Use this rubric to assess the structure of students' writing.
    *The Five-Paragraph Essay Writing a five paragraph essay doesn't require you to be the worlds most prolific author. You simply need to follow a relatively basic forumula and practice good organizational skills. This website will provide you with all the information and guidance you need to be able to churn out your own five paragraph essays in no time. With just a little bit of work, you will feel like you'll be able to write about anything, because you WILL be able to!
  27. The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing Despite the relatively high levels of literacy among the general populace of college students in the United States, many of them have difficulty with writing clearly and effectively. A new writing primer has been developed by Michael Harvey (a professor at Washington College in Maryland), and will be of great help to many students who find themselves grappling with writing college-level assignments and papers. The homepage for the guide contains hypertext links to various sections, including those dealing with style, structure, evidence, and paper mechanics. From the main page, students and educators can access any of the primer's many sections quickly, such as those dealing with the use of the historical present, finding a voice, and nominalizations. All of these sections are complemented by a profuse number of examples that illustrate the different writing tools and potential pitfalls that students may encounter. This online guide is a welcome addition to the Web resources available to students seeking to become more effective and compelling writers.

  28. Obits are an excellent writing prompt. It is: "Write your own Obit."
    Obits by Thomas! use ROBERT McG. THOMAS in search and find the best obits.
    Great article in New Yorker on obits.
  29. The Online Writery @ Missouri.
  30. Peer review classmates work and be reviewed by classmates.
  31. Power quotes
  32. Read the poem "The Sun Goes Down on Summer" by Steve Lawhead and use it for your own poem or essay on topic.
  33. Reading to Write from UNC
  34. Reflections on Creative Writing Class by Frank McCourt
  35. Stereotypes
  36. Technical Writing Teacher Training Workshops
  37. Techniques in the writing process. Invention: Invention techniques from Hunter College Writing Center
  38. Thesis Statements from UNC
  39. Understanding the Assignment from UNC
  40. What did you see?
  41. Words of Transition
  42. Writing Center Handouts from UNC
  43. Writer's Free resource
  44. Writing Idea for any lesson plan from Lisette W on NCTE
  45. Writing Tips I
  46. Writing Tips II

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