- Studies suggest that every dollar spent on stop-smoking programs for
pregnant women could save $3 in neonatal intensive care costs.
- Smokers who successfully stop smoking reduce their potential medical
costs associated with heart attack and stroke by about $47 during the
first year and by about $853 during the following 7 years.
Examples of CDC Activities
lung cancer among men have declined more rapidly in California
than in other parts of the country and rates of lung cancer among
women in California are declining, while they continue to increase
elsewhere. California estimates that their program has resulted in
an overall cost savings of $8.4 billion.
CDCs Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) is responsible for carrying out
the tobacco-related programs of the Department of Health and Human Services.
In that capacity, OSH engages in the following:
- Provides financial and technical assistance to tobacco-related
programs at the health departments of all 50 states, the District of
Columbia, and 7 territories; 6 tribal support centers; and 9 national
networks of organizations interested in reducing tobacco use.
- Gives grants to 21 states for school health programs that include
components for preventing tobacco use.
- Conducts surveillance; analyzes tobacco use and its effects on health.
- Serves as a WHO collaborating center on smoking-related health
In 2001, produced Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General,
which summarizes patterns of tobacco use among women, factors associated
with starting and continuing to smoke, the health consequences of smoking,
tobacco marketing targeted at women, and cessation and prevention
- Produced other guidelines and reports related to tobacco use.
Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs
describes the nine components of effective programs and associated
Guidelines for School Health Programs to Prevent Tobacco Use and
Addiction sets forth strategies to prevent tobacco use by young
Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General focuses
on the effectiveness of various methods to reduce and prevent tobacco
High School Students Who Smoke Cigarettes,*
United States, 19911999
*Smoked one or more cigarettes during the
previous 30 days.
Source: CDC, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.
text version of this graphic is also available.)
Examples of State Activities
CDC funds tobacco-control programs in all 50 states. With CDC support,
several states are accomplishing meaningful results.
Florida: Smoking declined by 40% among middle and by 18% among
high school students. Smokeless tobacco use declined by 54% among middle and
19% among high school students.
Massachusetts: From 1992 to 1998, cigarette sales declined 30%;
and from 1995 to 1999, smoking declined by 70% among 6th graders and by 38%
among 7th and 8th graders.
Oregon: Since 1996, cigarette smoking has dropped by 23%. Laws
limiting smoking in public places have been enacted in 21 communities.