Syllepsis When a single word that governs or modifies two or
more others must be understood differently with respect to each of those words. A
combination of grammatical parallelism and semantic incongruity, often with a witty or
comical effect. Not to be confused with zeugma.
from Wikipedia from Zeugma, (from the Greek word "??????", meaning "yoke") is a figure of speech describing the joining of two or more parts of a sentence with a single common verb or noun. A zeugma employs both ellipsis, the omission of words which are easily understood, and parallelism, the balance of several words or phrases. The result is a series of similar phrases joined or yoked together by a common and implied noun or verb. In a modern sense, the zeugma has been classified as a synonym for syllepsis, a particular kind of zeugma, although there is a clear distinction between the two in classical treatises written on the subject. Henry Peacham praises the “delight of the ear” in the use of the zeugma in rhetoric, but stresses to avoid “too many clauses.” The zeugma is categorized according to the location and part of speech of the governing word.
Assisted by Leigh Averett
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