Chapters 7 & 8

Chapter 7

Review of texts from decades before 1940. The Noble teacher: selfless altruist, dedicated soldier, patriot, saint, redeemer. intrinsic rewards of teaching. reward not monetary but in job... teaching of youth to invigorate teacher, reward enough. noble because of what could be done for youth. teachers compared to holy men. The Scholar: has much in common with the Noble teacher plus = open-minded scholar, a leader, a scientist, an artist. role model to students: scholarship and analytical thinking Qualities: a) live with little reward b) ability and passion to create scholars c) accumulation of knowledge d) active, open mind a finished teacher is a contradiction in terms plant metaphor for teachers: not growing or being the tallest in forest....not petrified.. scholarship catalyst for teaching, but passing it on crucial role-modeling. lecturers not wanted... know the child and hir developmental increments. know pedagogy too... allow for creativity, dewey comes to mind... learn by doing. NOTE: all this seems precursor to constructivism controller and the controlled although a minority view, it still existed. basically teachers werent pargons of intellect nor were they to foster it in their students. order comes first authority of teacher is absolute. thus conflict between disciplinarian and catalyst. next was submission to administration. so problem is: we have on one hand a person who is supposed to nurture and inspire others to bring them to original and creative thought but to do it in a submissive self role. haha. Socrates comes to mind.. thus church attendance, political affiliations etc of teacher became important to public. people pleasers modification of self intimacy is dangerous loyalty lie low est a good rep Teacher Images and Metaphors WWI had references to Kaiser and fall of authoritarian. teacher as patriot: teach as well as soldier for men. beginning of business and industry infused: the customer. teacher as producer. morality too. NOTE: Mann's 12th report Resisting Stereotype and Caricature be proud to be a teacher portrayed as: inhuman, unattractive, asexual prudes. be attuned to own interests to avoid stereotyping. Contemplating the Ideal Teacher depiction of profession's singularity. not comparable to other professions except clergy. demand for sainthood. exorbitant hopes strict codes of conduct withstand stereotypes.

Chapter 8

the mistaken nostagia of school. separating fact from fiction. Norman Rockwell and McGuffey Readers VS Reality (boys did more work than most men today) just look to memoirs and even novels of time to get real picture. current problems existed in past, too. we look too often through lens of sentamentality. NOTE: this may be why it is hard to speak to parents and older folks about school today when they insist on bringing up their own skewed image of school. Image of Ruarl Teacher a) character b) concerns about discipline, order, student behavior c) curriculum and teaching methods used. d) preparation to teach Character to be created, worked on, developed. not innate like personality and not to be confused with personality. honesty initiative sympathy accuracy healthy enthusiastic alert consistent self-controlled fair good-natured well-modulated voice sense of humor hardworking orderly energetic patience dedication lofty characteristics and aspirations Lara Ingalls Wilder Mary Ellen Chase Discipline, Order, Student Behavior sanguine image of student well-behaved and ready to learn. brutal methods by students and teachers to defend themselves. silence, immobility, and order were the rules achieved by any means possible. this image is not supported in memoirs etc as dictated in teacher training books. Instructional Methods and Curriculum one room schools, large numbers of children rote was the rule, memorization. Qualification of Teachers most teachers were young with no education prep. merely passing a competency test and gaining a certificate. not until 1934 was there a move to train teachers. Discussion *Current trends of local and community more involved is reminescient of early 1900's. *too much nostalgia in debate. *notion standardization (from business) is the panacea. *schools reflective of the community. good and bad. *not clear vision of past *golden images and not real ones as they are used to solve today's schools.