F O R G O T T E N
F O U N D E R S
By Bruce E. Johansen
Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois
and the Rationale for the
1 9 8 2
G a m b i t I N C O R P O R A T E D, Publishers
O F I P S W I C H M A S S A C H U S E T T S
First PrintingJohansen, Bruce E. (Bruce Elliott), 1950-
Copyright 1982 by Bruce E. Johansen
All rights reserved including the right to
reproduce this book or parts thereof in any form.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
1. Iroquois Indians -- Tribal government 2. Indians of North America -- Tribal government 3. Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. 4. United States -- Politics and government -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775. 5. United States -- Politics and government -- Revolution, 1775-1783.
E99.I7J63 323.1'197 81-23726
ISBN 0-87645-111-3 AACR2
Printed in the United States of America.
For my parents,
for John Crazy Bear, a Seneca who breathed
life into the Iroquois' Great Law of Peace for me
C O N T E N T S
CHAPTER ONE A Composite Culture
CHAPTER TWO The Pre-Columbian Republic
CHAPTER THREE "Our Indians Have Outdone the Romans"
CHAPTER FOUR Such an Union
CHAPTER FIVE Philosopher as Savage
CHAPTER SIX Self-Evident Truths